What's in Windows Server 2012 R2 for small businesses

All that R2 can bring to your biz

Windows Server 2012

The new version of Windows Server is shipping soon, and it combines solid improvements to key features like storage, virtualisation and high availability so your server systems can keep running, with much wider support for users who want to connect to your business systems with iOS or Android as well as with Windows or Windows RT devices.

This is Microsoft acknowledging that we're using much more than PCs to get work done these days, but still giving IT admins options for controlling access and protecting information.

These connections use the new remote access role in Windows Server 2012 R2; this gives you a way of letting iOS, Android, Windows RT and even Windows 8.1 users do a workplace join instead of joining your Active Directory.

The first level of this gives you a record of which devices are connecting to your systems and lets you publish web apps through the Web application proxy so only your users get access; the second level lets you control settings on those devices – not as many as with Group Policy.

Windows Server 2012 R2 lets you control and monitor all the devices connecting to your systems  iOS and Android as well as Windows and RT
Windows Server 2012 R2 lets you control and monitor all the devices connecting to your systems, iOS and Android as well as Windows and RT

Of course, much of the software your business uses are probably Windows programs rather than Web apps. For the first time, Microsoft is now creating official remote desktop clients for iOS, Android and Mac OS X (they will be in the relevant app stores by the end of October).

You'll need to have remote access client access licenses for all your users, but this cuts out at least one of the steps for supporting multiple platforms. (This is definitely Microsoft thinking about other platforms; if you need to run Linux in a virtual machine, R2 has far more features to make that work well, including dynamic memory and being able to back up VMs without pausing them.)

The iOS remote client gives you the Windows keyboard keys you need
The iOS remote client gives you the Windows keyboard keys you need

If you need access to files from your server while you're travelling, without a remote connection, the new Work Folders feature will sync a folder from a share on the office file server – and update it with your changed documents, without you having to connect via VPN. When Windows Server 2012 R2 ships that will work with Windows 8.1; in the first half of 2014, Microsoft will release clients for Windows 7 and iOS (Windows 8 users will need to upgrade to Windows 8.1).

Work folders still isn't a replacement for offline files, because it syncs the whole file when something changes, not just the changes, and it tries to sync the whole folder on the file server. It does know when there are too many files to fit on your device and it won't try to copy them all, but at least in this version, you can't pick and choose the files you want to sync unless you're prepared to put them in a separate folder (admins can pick one specific folder inside your home directory on the server as the one that syncs, but that means thinking about the folder structure more than most people want).

Shortcuts and gestures for Windows on your iPad using the new remote client for Windows Server 2012 R2
Shortcuts and gestures for Windows on your iPad using the new remote client for Windows Server 2012 R2

Talking to the work folders team at Microsoft, they're aware of the issues – and of the fact that Microsoft has multiple sync options with offline files, work folders and SkyDrive Pro. As future Windows Server updates arrive, selective sync is high on their list of improvements – but we're not expecting the next version of Windows Server to arrive as quickly as R2 did.

Adding Azure to Server

The release version of Windows Server 2012 R2 looks very much like the preview; what's changed is the quality of the code underneath it, which seems smoother and snappier. It's impressive how much Microsoft has added to Windows Server in just a year, without any drop in quality.